Do you have any wound warning signs? Don’t ignore! Take advice today!

What is a wound?

A wound is any damage or break in the skin surface. Wounds can be accidental, surgical or because of an underlying disease such as diabetes or vascular disease. It also includes changes to the skin with aging.

What are chronic wounds?

Where acute wounds usually heal quickly without major complications, chronic wounds can take more than 3 months to heal or they are recurring. They can heal with proper treatment.

Wound Types:

SKIN TEAR

A skin tear is an acute wound caused by shear, friction or blunt force resulting in separation of the skin layers. They are a major type of acute wound in the ageing population and have a high risk of becoming chronic wounds. This is because as we age the skin becomes thinner, frailer and more prone to injury.

PRESSURE INJURIES

Including bed sores – they range drom small superficial owunds to large deep wounds.

DIABETIC RELATED FOOT DISEASE

A complication of Diabetes – if not treated, they can lead to amutation

LEG ULCERS

A wound between the knee and ankle joint. Healing process can be slow due to problems with veins within the leg.

BURNS

Burns are injuries to the skin or deeper tissues & can be caused by fire, hot objects, hot liquids, radiation eg; sunburn, electricity, extreme cold, lightning and some chemicals. They range in seveerity from first degree burns (affecting superficial skin layers) to fourth degree burns ( involving deeper tissue such as muscle & bone)

WHAT IS A BURULI ULCER

Buruli (also known in Australia as the Bairnsdale) ulcer is a skin disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium ulcerans. It releases a toxin that destroys skin, blood vessels and underlying tissues leading to an open wound. Large ulcers can occur on the arms or legs.

SYMPTOMS OF BURULI ULCER: There are several ways a Buruli Ulcer can present itself. It can start as a spot that appears like a mosquito or spider bite (generally on the arms or legs). It then increases in size over days and weeks sometimes forming a crusty, non-healing scab. The scab then turns into an ulcer that grows in size.

PREVENTION OF BURULI ULCER: Although the exact cause of infection in people is not known, it makes sense to protect yourself from potential sources of infection such as soil and insect bites by: Wear gardening gloves, long-sleeved shirts and trousers when working outdoors Avoid insect bites by using suitable insect repellents Protect cuts or abrasions with sticking plasters Promptly wash and cover any scratches or cuts you receive while working outdoors See your doctor if you have a slow-healing skin lesion

Signs of a wound not healing:

  • the area around the wound is swollen, red, hot & painful
  • Fluid from the wound is discoloured, thick or excessive
  • the wound has not decreased in size over 4-6 weeks
  • the wound bleeds regularly &/or becomes black or yellow

SEEKING HELP:

Please speak to your GP if you have any queries regarding a wound that is not healing. Phone the Practice on 9535 4644 to make an appointment.

Information referenced from: http://www.woundaware.com.au/